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While undertaking a doctorate at Sydney University, Douglas Mawson joined Ernest Shackleton’s 1907 to 1909 Nimrod expedition as a geologist, his first Antarctic experience. His contribution to our knowledge of Antarctica was outstanding. More bad weather forced him to spend another 7 nights at this camp. Das Mineral Mawsonit wurde ebenfalls nach ihm benannt. Mawson’s survival is testimony to his courage, physical strength, and psychological resilience. His parents took him to Sydney, New South Wales, when he was 4 years old, and he was educated at … By leading Australia’s first Antarctic research expedition, Mawson became an internationally acclaimed scientist and explorer. [1], Abgestürztes Flugzeug von Mawson in Adelaide. He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. Mawson did many scientific reports not just on Antarctica but also on different parts of Australia and one on Asia. However, Mawson’s passion for advancing scientific knowledge inspired him to develop an Australian-led Antarctic research expedition. I, sir Douglas Mawson, do hereby so claim and declare to all men that from and after the date of the present, the full sovereignty of the territory that we have discovered and explored south of latitude sixty-four degrees and as far as the south pole, this in his majesty King George the fifth, his heirs and successors, forever. In 1905, he became a lecturer in mineralogy and petrology at the University of Adelaide. Februar 2020 um 16:23 Uhr bearbeitet. Mt Erebus – the second-highest volcano in Antarctica, Photo Credit: Shutterstock. Douglas Mawson wuchs in Australien auf, wohin seine Eltern emigriert waren, als er zwei Jahre alt war. Douglas Mawson reading a proclamation during BANZARE, Environmental Impact Assessment approvals, Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System, Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, What happens before departure & on arrival at station, Message for family and friends of expeditioners, Classification of scientific publications, Antarctic Strategy and Action Plan: Prime Minister’s Foreword, British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition. He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. The expeditions of Scott and Shackleton were great, and Amundsen's venture was the finest Polar reconnaissance ever made; but each of these must yield the premier position, when fairly compared … Although, when it comes to Sir Douglas Mawson, they do come across as some kind of after-thought. Nachdem er das Angebot ausgeschlagen hatte, an Robert Falcon Scotts Terra-Nova-Expedition teilzunehmen, führte Mawson in den Jahren 1911 bis 1914 die erste australische Antarktis-Expedition nach Adélieland, King George Island und Queen-Mary-Land durch. Er verbrachte auch viel Zeit seines Lebens damit, die Geologie der Flinderskette in South Australia zu erforschen. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Douglas Mawsonwas also working on earning a doctorate at this time. Embarking on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) with Mawson, John King Davis captained the Aurora with a crew, 31 expeditioners and materials for living huts, and wireless masts to establish the first radio communications in Antarctica. Alone, Mawson was determined to return with the data and specimens they had collected. Born in 1882, he commenced university at the age of 16. Sir Douglas Mawson is one of Australia's best known Antarctic explorers. His face is well known today, having adorned postage stamps and the Australian $100 note. An Australian geologist who became Australia’s greatest Antarctic explorer. Five men set up a base at Macquarie Island, while the remainder sailed on to the Antarctic continent to establish two bases: the Main Base at Commonwealth Bay led by Mawson, and the Western Base at Queen Mary Land led by Frank Wild. Legendär ist sein einsamer Marsch über Hunderte von Meilen zurück zum Basislager, nachdem seine zwei Begleiter Xavier Mertz und Leutnant Belgrave Ninnis während einer zu dritt ausgeführten Erkundung starben. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. DOUGLAS MAWSON AND THE NIMROD EXPEDITION. He struggled for 30 days, eventually reaching the base only to miss the ship retrieving the men by hours. While working at the university, he also did field investigation in Wales. Während dieser Expedition erreichte er mit Edgeworth David und Alistair Mackay (1877–1914) den antarktischen magnetischen Pol und gehörte zu der Gruppe, die als erste den Mount Erebus bestieg. Er starb im Jahre 1958 im Alter von 76 Jahren. The expedition advanced scientific knowledge of Antarctica in the fields of geology, cartography, meteorology, geomagnetism, biology and marine science. The 22 volumes of scientific reports produced included meteorological data from all three bases, and geomagnetic field records collected over 18 months at Commonwealth Bay. Keen to further Antarctic discovery, Mawson lobbied the British, Australian and New Zealand governments to fund an expedition. British by birth, Mawson moved to Australia as a young boy and spent his life there. Az első volt, aki először elérte a déli mágneses sarkot. The Douglas Mawson Antarctic Expedition of 1912 is one of the most amazing feats of physical and mental endurance of all time. While undertaking a doctorate at Sydney University, Douglas Mawson joined Ernest Shackleton’s 1907 to 1909 Nimrod expedition as a geologist, his first Antarctic experience. Douglas Mawson was a geologist who was among the first scientists to explore the continent of Antarctica. Auch der Mawson-Gletscher im ostantarktischen Viktorialand sowie die Mawson-Halbinsel, das Mawson Escarpment, die Mawson-Küste, die Mawson Bank, der Mawson-Korridor und Kap Mawson tragen seinen Namen. At the end of February 1914, Douglas Mawson sailed into the port of Adelaide to a hero's welcome. We acknowledge the Traditional Owners of country throughout Australia and recognise their continuing connection to land, waters and culture. Zu seinem Gedenken wurde Mawsons Porträt auf der früheren australischen Einhundert-Dollar-Note verewigt. Explorer Geologist . On the traverse, Belgrave Ninnis was lost when he plummeted down a crevasse with a sledge carrying many of the supplies. His personal Antarctic achievements include discovering the location of the south magnetic pole as part of Shackleton's Nimrod Expedition, and organizing and leading the first true scientific expedition to Antarctica. Australian Douglas Mawson first went to Antarctica with Ernest Shackleton in 1907 and was part of a group of three who were the first to reach the Southern Magnetic Pole. Soon after returning, he organized his own … Diese Kategorie bezieht sich auf die Person Douglas Mawson. Douglas Mawson was a geologist who was among the first scientists to explore the continent of Antarctica. In appreciation, Mawson named MacRobertson Land after the entrepreneurial owner of the Melbourne confectionery company. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. Als Leiter der BANZARE-Expedition (1929–1931) erforschte er die noch unbekannten Küsten von Enderbyland bis zur Ross-See. In later years, as a long serving member of the Australian Antarctic Executive Planning Committee, Mawson continued to support the Australia’s Antarctic research programs. Oktober 1958 in Brighton, Adelaide, South Australia) war ein australischer Polarforscher, der die erste australische Antarktisexpedition von 1911 bis 1914 leitete. – Brighton, Ausztrália, 1958. október 14. Kein Laut drang zurück, nur das Winseln eines Hundes, der auf einem zufällig sichtbaren Vorsprung 45 Meter tief unten hängen geblieben war… Dicht daneben waren, wie es in der Dunkelheit schien, die Überreste eines Zeltes und eines Leinensacks mit Nahrungsmitteln für 14 Tage für drei Mann. Daneben beabsichtigte er 1911 ein Flugzeug in der Antarktis einzusetzen, das allerdings bereits in Adelaide abstürzte und daraufhin als Propellerschlitten an der Commonwealth Bay in der Antarktis eingesetzt wurde. From 1911 to 1914 Mawson led the Australasian Antarctic Expedition and from 1929 to 1931 directed the combined British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Expedition. Angliában született, de 2 éves korában kivándoroltak Ausztráliába, és Sydney nyugati részén telepedtek le. Drei Stunden lang riefen wir unaufhörlich, aber keine Antwort kam zurück.“[2]. Nach dem Verlust der meisten Vorräte sahen sich die beiden verbliebenen Männer auf ihrem weiteren Weg gezwungen, die Grönlandhunde zu schlachten und zu verspeisen. Edgeworth David, Mawson completed the longest Antarctic man-hauling sledge journey of 122 days. Philanthropist Macpherson Robertson donated 10,000 pounds to the expedition, a huge sum in 1928. Edgeworth David, Mawson completed the longest Antarctic man-hauling sledge journey of 122 days. Not a week goes past now without me asking myself ‘what would Douglas Mawson do?’ The story goes like this: a three man team of Mawson, Xavier Mertz, and Belgrave Ninnis a British solider, set off across the East Antarctica plateau. Mawson selbst überlebte einen Sturz in eine Gletscherspalte nur knapp, da sein Schlitten sich am Spaltenrand verhakte und es ihm im zweiten Versuch gelang, am Schlittenseil aus der Spalte herauszuklettern. Außerdem tragen die australische Mawson-Station und die Basisstation seiner Expeditionen in der Antarktis, die Mawson’s Huts, seinen Namen. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. Neben seinen wissenschaftlichen Ambitionen war Mawson gegenüber technischen Neuerungen sehr aufgeschlossen und definierte weitere Ziele seiner Australasiatischen Antarktis-Expedition: Nutzung des Magnetismus für die Navigation, geologische und biologische Studien und die Errichtung einer Wetterstation mit einer Funkverbindung ans australische Festland. Awards: Clarke Medal, Founder's Gold Medal Died: October 14, 1958, Brighton, Australia Parents: Robert Ellis Mawson, Margaret Ann Moore #Youtube: Douglas Mawson Youtube edit] #Twitter: Douglas Mawson Twitter [ edit] #Facebook: Douglas Mawson Facebook [ edit] #Instagram: Douglas Mawson … Biological species on land and sea, never before encountered by humans, were described for the first time. He participated in Shackleton’s ‘Nimrod’ expedition and then went on to lead three further Antarctic expeditions. Sir Douglas Mawson (fødd 5. mai 1882 i Shipley i England, død 14. oktober 1958 i Australia) var ein australsk polfarar og geolog.Saman med Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott og Ernest Shackleton var Mawson ein sentral ekspedisjonseiar i den tidlege utforskinga av Antarktis.Mawson var offiser av Order of the British Empire og Fellow av Royal Society Zuerst stürzte Ninnis mit seinem Schlitten, sechs Schlittenhunden und nahezu allen Nahrungsmitteln in eine Gletscherspalte. Juni 1914 als Knight Bachelor zum Ritter geschlagen[3], weshalb er fortan den Namenszusatz „Sir“ führte. Er studierte an der Universität Sydney, wurde 1904 Dozent und 1921 Professor an der Universität Adelaide. Uz Roalda Amundsena, Roberta Falcon Scotta i Ernesta Shackletona, Mawson je bio poznata i ključna figura herojskog doba istraživanja Antarktika. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 6. Mawson schrieb später in seinem Expeditionsbericht über diesen Moment: „Halb von Sinnen winkte ich Mertz zu, meinen Schlitten zu bringen … ich beugte mich vor und rief in die dunkle Tiefe hinab. Douglas Mawson: Home; Biography; Who is Douglas Mawson and what did he do? ), ausztrál geológus, Antarktisz-kutató. Sir Douglas Mawson assisted the discovery of … Hier betrieb er zunächst erfolgreich Küstenforschung. Von 1907 bis 1909 nahm er als Physiker und Geologe an der Nimrod-Expedition unter der Leitung von Ernest Shackleton teil. He was invited by Captain Scott to join his prestigious expedition in 1910, but instead chose to lead the first Australian Antarctic expedition, the year after in 1911. Douglas Mawson Biography. He returned to Australia and selected to become the professor of mineralogy and geology in 1921 at the university of Adelaide and in 1952 he became a Emeritus professor. He made it back to the main camp on 8 February. Sir Douglas Mawson (Shipley, Anglia, 1882. május 5. Mawson’s team were the first to map much of the coast, providing a foundation for the establishment of the Australian Antarctic Territory. B. das Geburtshaus, nicht aber der geographische Geburtsort) … Nach seiner Rückkehr heiratete er Paquita Delprat (1891–1974) und wurde aufgrund seiner Leistungen am 29. In 1914 Sir Douglas Mawson was knighted. Facts about Antarctica; The History of Antarctica; Pictures of Antarctic Animals; Biography. Sir Douglas Mawson (OBE; * 5. First name: Douglas Last name: Mawson Born: 5th May, 1882 Died:14th October, 1958 Nationality: Australian Wife: Francisca Paquita Delprat (married 1914) Children:Patricia 1915 Jessica 1917 Parents: Robert Ellis Mawson … The British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) did not use land bases to explore. Mawson was a man driven by science. Mai 1882 in Bradford, Yorkshire; † 14. Szülei Ellis és Margaret Ann Mawson voltak. Douglas Mawson was an Australian scientist and explorer. Their land exploration included over 6437km in Adélie Land, King George V Land and Queen Mary Land. He was on the expedition for about six months. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. Mawson continued for another three days before reaching an ice-hole called Aladdin's Cave, which the explorers used as a camp. All of this kept him very busy. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. Along with his mentor Professor T.W. Coping with hunger, hidden crevasses, frostbite and exhaustion, they received a hero’s … British by birth, Mawson moved to Australia as a young boy and spent his life there. Scientific advances were made in oceanography and biology, with results published in 13 volumes. Als er die Ausgangsbasis erreichte, hatte das Expeditionsschiff, die Aurora bereits wieder Segel gesetzt und Mawson war gezwungen, in der Antarktis bis zum Frühjahr 1914 zu überwintern. Douglas Mawson found the south magnetic pole and was part of the group that accended Mt Erebus first. His final sentence in The Home of the Blizzard, his … Mertz starb wenig später. In 1905, he got his first formal job, teaching geology at the University of Adelaide, where he had also attended college. Oktober 1958 in Brighton, Adelaide, South Australia) war ein australischer Polarforscher, der die erste australische Antarktisexpedition von 1911 bis 1914 leitete. Instead of returning on the Aurora, six men who had volunteered to search for the party overwintered again with Mawson. Xavier Mertz perished from physical exhaustion, starvation and possible toxicity from eating dogs’ livers. After a horrific journey across hundreds of kilometres of frozen wasteland, during which his two companions perished, the world was amazed to hear that Douglas Mawson had survived. Mawson also received great recognition in the scientific community. Seine Erlebnisse beschrieb er im Buch The Home of the Blizzard. Along with Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott, and Sir Ernest Shackleton, he was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Das Gelände mit den Stationsgebäuden ist als nationales Denkmal in die Australian National Heritage List eingetragen. In recognition of his achievements in Antarctica, Mawson station, established in 1954, was named after him. Biografija Rani život. We pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging. He was made a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1923, a foundation fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, and president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science from 1935 to 1937. Hier betrieb er zunächst erfolgreich Küstenforschung. In November 1912, the Far Eastern sledging party led by Mawson departed the Main Base at Commonwealth Bay, unaware of the tragedy about to unfold. on some of his reports he discovered new minerals and rocks. Mawson’s account of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, Home of the Blizzard, was published in 1915. In the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration (1897-1922) the names of expeditions were … Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA (1882–1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer and academic.Mawson was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.The other key leaders were Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton.. Mawson was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire on 5 May 1882. The Mawson Station in Douglas Mawson Proclamation during BANZARE. Five weeks into the expedition, Ninnis falls down a crevasse with all their main gear and food. Mai 1882 in Bradford, Yorkshire; † 14. Subcategories. Douglas Mawson Spouse: Paquita Delprat (m. 1914–1958) Death date: October 14, 1958. Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA (5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and academic. A sweet consequence of his avid scientific research, if you will. Glaciers held Mawson's interest, and he undertook extensive fieldwork in the Flinders … https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Douglas_Mawson&oldid=196558952, Mitglied der Australian Academy of Science, Person als Namensgeber für einen Asteroiden, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Crucial work was successfully completed on voyages along much of the Antarctic coastline, and sub-Antarctic Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Heard Island. His explorations enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles (6,475,000 square km) of the Antarctic continent. Explorers during this time were focused on being the first to reach the South Geographic Pole. After graduating from the university, Douglas Mawson went on an expedition for New Hebrides. Sir Douglas Mawson's Expedition, judged by the magnitude both of its scale and of its achievements, was the greatest and most consummate expedition that ever sailed for Antarctica. The AAE successfully charted large segments of the east Antarctic coastline, and investigated sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island and the Southern Ocean. What good did Douglas Mawson do? Die Öffentlichkeit interessierte sich jedoch unter dem Eindruck des tragischen Todes von Scott und des Ausbruches des Ersten Weltkrieges wenig für seine Leistungen. Bei dieser Expedition entdeckte er die nach seinen Begleitern benannten Gletscher Ninnis-Gletscher und Mertz-Gletscher. presentation Douglas Mawson an Australian by adoption was offered a place on Scott's Terra Nova expedition but turned it down to lead the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911 - 1914 sailing on the Aurora . Mawson verfolgte seine wissenschaftlichen Studien weiter und leitete weitere Expeditionen. Just as crucially Mawson was instrumental in the establishment of ANARE through his lobbying of the Australian … On his return to Australia in 1914, Mawson achieved public acclaim for his achievements, and received a knighthood. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. On the afternoon of 28 January, about 5 hours later, Mawson discovered the cairn. Die Royal Society of New South Wales verlieh ihm 1936 die Clarke-Medaille. Douglas Mawson wuchs in Australien auf, wohin seine Eltern emigriert waren, als er zwei Jahre alt war. His travels and studies in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. Er studierte an der Universität Sydney, wurde 1904 Dozent und 1921 Professor an der Universität Adelaide. Along with his mentor Professor T.W. Sir Douglas Mawson (OBE; * 5. Coping with hunger, hidden crevasses, frostbite and exhaustion, they received a hero’s welcome on their return. Wir brachen die Firnbrücke ganz auf, beugten uns durch ein Seil gesichert vor und riefen in die Dunkelheit hinunter, in der Hoffnung, dass unser Kamerad noch am Leben sein möchte. Der Asteroid (4456) Mawson trägt seinen Namen[4], die Dorsa Mawson auf dem Erdmond und der einzige aktive Vulkan Australiens, Mawson Peak auf der Insel Heard, wurde ebenfalls nach ihm benannt. Aufgenommen werden können Artikel über: Werke dieser Person sowie deren Adaptionen durch andere Künstler; Hauptbezugspersonen (nahe Familienangehörige, Lebensgefährten, weitere Personen mit herausragender biografischer Bedeutung) die biografischen Gedenkstätten (z. Sir Douglas Mawson, OBE, FAA, FRS (1882 – 1958). Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. Ser Douglas Mawson (5. maj 1882 — 14. oktobar 1958. godine) je bio australijski geolog i istraživač Antarktika. The crew of the expedition | Who was Douglas Mawson? An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. Mawson selbst besuchte die Insel im Jahre 1929 als Leiter einer Britisch-Australisch-Neuseeländischen Antarktis-Expedition (BANZARE). Facts about Antarctica ; Pictures of Antarctic Animals ; Biography ) Death date: October 14, 1958 months. Biography ; who is Douglas Mawson was a geologist who was among the world 's greatest.... Er fortan den Namenszusatz „ sir “ führte before reaching an ice-hole called 's. Riefen wir unaufhörlich, aber keine Antwort kam zurück. “ [ 2 ] his intellectual boldness and skill were by! Antarctic explorer about six months entdeckte er die nach seinen Begleitern benannten Gletscher Ninnis-Gletscher und Mertz-Gletscher erforschen... 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